On 28 April 2015 the participants of the third round of the German Standardization Panel in 2014 were the first to be presented with the results of the survey in the premises of DIN (German Institute for Standardization). Special emphasis was given to the role of standards for trade with the People’s Republic ofChina in comparison to trade with the United States.
The German Standardization Panel (DNP) is designed and supervised by scientists of the Department for Innovation Economics of the Berlin Institute of Technology. The Standardization Panel aims at gaining new knowledge concerning standardization practice, -politics and -research. Another goal is to attain measurable results regarding the benefits of standardization as well as the ability to recognize trends, e.g. concerning the future role of consortial standards or the acceleration of standardization processes.
For the first time, this year it is possible to link the data from the second and the third wave. The unique dataset, which consists of more than 500 companies, provides new insights into changes in the standardization behavior as well as the implementation of standards of German firms over time.
Once again the European standardization community met at the EURAS conference to discuss recent developments within the field of standardization. This years’ EURAS was held in Serbia under the theme ‘Cooperation among standardisation organisations and the scientific and academic community’. The conference was kindly hosted by the Faculty of Organizational Science of the University of Belgrade which provided plenty of opportunity for discussing standardization issues in Eastern Europe.
The chair of Innovation Economics from the TU-Berlin was well represented. Michel Tolksdorf, Anne-Marie Großmann, and Sören Simon Petersen chaired different sessions at the conference and presented their current work. Jo-Ann Müller additionally delivered an invited speech covering the first results of the German Standardization Panel. Besides that Luisa Lazina and Julius Rauber, from the same chair, presented their actual research as well.
Jo-Ann Müller presenting at the EURAS conference in Belgrade
The overall resume of this year’s conference was that the incentives, benefits and drawbacks of organizations to be actively or passively involved in standardization need closer attention, both in theory and in practice at the standards developing organizations. The themes varied from regulation and standardization in general up to the analysis of standardization network. Once again the conference highlighted the relevance of standardization research and showed that the European research community is alive and well.
We warmly welcome Paul Moritz Wiegmann as a visiting researcher at the Chair of Innovation Economics from the 30th of June until the 11th of July 2014. Paul is a PhD candidate at the Department of Technology and Operations Management at Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University (http://www.erim.eur.nl/people/paul-wiegmann/) where Knut Blind is the promotor of his PhD project. Before starting his PhD project in October 2013, Paul obtained a MSc in Management of Innovation from Erasmus University Rotterdam and a BSc in Management from the University of Warwick.
Paul conducts his research on the interaction between different standardisation mechanisms and their impact on innovation. He has written working papers on the how different standard setting mechanisms contributed to a common outcome in the case of standardising plugs and connectors for electric vehicles in Europe (Wiegmann, 2013) and on factors that play a role in determining firms’ standardisation strategies (Wiegmann, 2014 forthcoming). During his stay with us he is planning the further trajectory of his PhD which will include some research on how standards from these different mechanisms impact innovation.
Wiegmann, P. M. (2013). Combining Different Modes of Standard Setting – Analysing Strategies and the Case of Connectors for Charging Electric Vehicles in Europe. In K. Jakobs, H. J. de Vries, A. Ganesh, A. Gulacsi, & I. Soetert (Eds.), EURAS Proceedings 2013 – Standards: Boosting European Competitiveness (pp. 397–411). Aachen: Wisenschaftsverlag Mainz.
Wiegmann, P. M. (2014 forthcoming). Choosing the Right Strategy – Considerations in Allocating Resources in Standard Setting. In EURAS Proceedings 2014.
Paul will present his work in our Research Colloquium on the 9th of July at 16:00.
The DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V. has awarded two prices to researchers of the chair of Innovation Economics. The awards went to Dr. Kerstin Goluchowicz for her Dissertation „Standardisation Foresight – an Indicator-based, Text Mining and Delphi Method“ and to Anne-Marie Großmann for her Master thesis “Strategic and Economic Benefits of Company Standards”.
Between June, 24th and June, 26th 2013, the 18th EURAS Conference in Brussels, Belgium took place. The main topic in 2013 was the impact of standards on the European competitiveness by reducing barriers to trade or regulations as well as education on standardization in order to “spread the word of standardization”. Researchers from a big variety of science fields, such as economics, business management, engineering as well as political sciences, participated at the conference and presented their work. Among them were four scientist of the Technical University Berlin, namely Professor Knut Blind, Dr. Simone Wurster, Anne-Marie Großmann and Julius Rauber. During the conference, it became clear that there is further research to be done even if big progress was made in understanding the meaning of standards and standardization to companies and other stakeholders. Especially quantitative analyses still lacks a broader database in order to analyze standard-related research topics in more detail. Furthermore, it seemed to be common sense among the participants that companies have to become even more aware of the chances and benefits of standardization. The final presentation picked up this issue since it was about a superordinate roadmap for education on standardization. All in all it was a very interesting and inspiring conference which illustrated once again the rising importance and meaning of standards and standardization for many aspects of society as well as economy.
For further details on the EURAS conference please follow this link: http://www.euras.org/euras-2013
The international transfer of sustainable technologies is influenced by many factors at the intersection of regimes for the protection of free trade, intellectual property rights and the global environment. At a workshop in Geneva hosted by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), experts from different organizations, such as OECD, WIPO, EPO, WTO, ICTSD, vividly discussed how these regimes interact in shaping the international diffusion of sustainable innovations. The event was organized by the Chair of Innovation Economics at TU Berlin as an integral part of the FONA research project N-tran:S.
Between June, 18th and June, 20th 2012, the 17th EURAS Conference in Kosice, Slovakia took place. The main topic in 2012 was Standards and Innovation, a key research topic of the Chair of Innovation Economics at Berlin University of Technology. Thus, four members of Professor Blind’s chair participated at the conference and gave some presentations (The slides of the presentations can be downloaded here) on different topics regarding standardization:
Dr. Simone Wurster ( “Standardization by International New ventures and Born Globals: Success Factor Model and Specific Application for the Security Software and Biotechnology Industry” and “Development of a Specification for Data Interchange Between Information Systems in Civil Hazard Prevention – Identification of Success Factors and Challenges Based on Case Study Research and Participant Observation”),
Mr. Paul Wakke (“The roles of firms’ motives in affecting the microeconomic benefit of service standards” and “The impact of participation within formal standardization on firm performance: Evidence from German manufacturers and service providers”),
Mr. Sören Petersen (“The Interrelation of Strategic Patenting and Standardization in the Context of the Resource-Based View of the Firm”)
and me, Mr. Julius Rauber, (“The Interaction between Patenting and Standardization Strategies: An Empirical Test of a Basic Model”)
Furthermore, Professor Knut Blind gave a summary on the findings of session 1 (standards and innovation) and session 2 (standards for innovation).
Within the third session of the conference with the topic „Standards, IPR and Corporate Benefits“, I presented the paper „The Interaction between Patenting and Standardization Strategies: An Empirical Test of a Basic Model“. After a brief introduction on the relation between different options to cope with innovations from a company’s perspective, the explanation of the theoretical model followed. The model depicts the decision process whether to patent or to standardize an invention and assumes that this decision relies on the interaction between reasons to patent as well as reasons to standardize. There are two main assumptions regarding the decision process outlined by this model: First, the decision whether to patent an invention (or not) is connected to the decision whether to bring this invention into formal standardization. Second, the patenting decision precedes the standardization decision. Keeping these assumptions in mind, the approach of analysis was introduced. The share of significant correlations in four different matrices of motives and barriers to patent respectively to participate in formal standardization was used to quantify the relationship between patenting and standardizing behavior of companies. The results highlight that the theoretical assumptions seem to be correct as high shares of significant correlations can be observed in every matrix except for the matrix of barriers to standardize and motives to patent. Thus, reasons not to bring in knowledge into standardization do not promote the patenting option (but the other way around) and therefore the patenting decision seems to precede the standardizing decision. The audience seemed to be quite interested and asked me to explain briefly some features of the theoretical model as well as some details of the measured correlations.
The conference was very interesting to me as I presented some research work of mine in front of international experts on standardization for the first time. Moreover, it was very exciting to get to know other scholars active in the field of standardization and to gather some new ideas for future research.